Hopefully this will help explain what each bamboo does and for why what and where you would want to use it.
Black Bamboo (Phyllostachys.nigra) Very fashionable, the black canes give great contrast with the green leaves. It grows at a similar rate, to a similar size (up to 5m, (15ft)) as the other varieties albeit at a slightly slower rate. Not quite as dense as the other varieties but still effective for screening. Better out of strong winds. Likes at least part sun to retain cane colour. An excellent statement plant.
Golden Crookstem Bamboo (Phyllostachys.aureosulcata) The traditional bamboo look, striking yellow canes against green foliage, giving excellent contrast. Grows to a similar size as the other varieties. Very effective for screening. An attractive bamboo, one of the best varieties potted up as a statement plant. Likes at least part sun to retain cane colour.
Bisset Bamboo (Phyllostachys.bisettii) A very strong, vigorous bamboo with dense growth, it’s green canes against mid green foliage create a very uniformed appearance if used for screening. Along with the Yellow Groove, the choice for screening. Does well in lower light levels.
Yellow Groove Bamboo (Phyllostachys.aurea)
Very strong vigorous bamboo, excellent for screening and the best choice in windy environments a very tough versatile bamboo. Does well in lower light levels. Grows to a similar size as the other varieties.
Green Sulcus (Phyllostachys.spectablis) Very similar in all aspects to the Golden Crookstem except for a subtle green stripe or alternate cane sections.
Arrow Bamboo (Psuedosasa japonica) This bamboo is slightly different to the others. It doesn’t grow quite as tall, probably to around 3m (10ft), but it’s large leaves means it is fantastic at screening. Due to it’s dense growth and dark green leaves there’s an altogether more lush tropical feel to this bamboo.
Click for more information on caring for bamboo.